Genghis Khan – Conquering the world on horseback is easy; it is dismounting and governing that is hard.
Historians, scientists, archaeologists and spiritualists have had a hard time trying to unravel some of the mysteries, myths and facts about legend Genghis Khan. History books paint a rather grim picture of the man believed to have existed in the 10th century.
He is blamed for the massacre of 40 millions Europeans and Asians. On the flip-side, Khan is credited for bringing law and civilization to Mongolia. In that regard, he was a hero to his natives.
Over the years, people have tried to understand the true nature of this Mongol ancestor but no one so far can claim success. The fact that Genghis Khan practiced racial tolerance, religion and value for women leadership does not help things either.
The question therefore is, “Was Genghis Khan real?”
“Are there undeniable Genghis Khan Facts to prove or disapprove his existence?”
Historians from different parts of the world have different points of view. For instance, Western people have negative impressions of this legend because of the influence of the Persian accounts while the Eastern people have varying impression with some revering him and others hating him.
What do you think? Well, here are some interesting facts that might give you an idea of who the Mongolian Emperor was, if he really existed.
1. Genghis Mixed Ethnicity
Genghis Khan was a mixed race. He was of European and Mongolian decent. This gave him a very interesting appearance. He was tall with long beards, green piercing eyes and spotted red hair. It is not clear exactly how tall he was but the average height of Mongolians is 5 foot 7 inches. The assumption is that he was taller than this.
2. Genghis Khan Had An Original Name
From history books, you know him as Genghis Khan. However, his parents did not name him so after he was born along the banks of the Onon River around the year 1162. His original name was Temujin, Mongolian for “of iron” or “blacksmith.” He had to wait until 1206 acquire the dreaded name after he was made Mongolian Leader at a tribal meeting referred to locally as “kurultai”.
3. A Leader Right From Birth
Historians and native Mongolians believe the Emperor was born a leader. Legends have it that Genghis Khan was born with a blood clot in a clenched fist. That was such unusual birthmark. Blood does not clot inside the body unless there is some trauma or physiological problem with blood clotting mechanisms. So, for the Mongolians who witnessed the birth and young life of leader Khan, a blood clot in a clenched fist was a bold sign that the kid would emerge a great leader.
4. Ancestor of the Mongols
Historians and scientists believe that about 8 percent of males of Asian decent are descendants of the horrific Mongolian ancestor. Researchers in 2003 found what they call Genetic Legacy of the Mongols. It is a Y-chromosome in Mongolian men with several unusual features. The Y-chromosome lineage is believed to have come from Genghis Khan himself. The scientists say the Leader might have spread the lineage via social selection.
5. He Childhood Was Brutal
Genghis never had a rosy childhood, a fact that could potentially explain his brutality when he took the mantle as the leader of the Mongols. His father was poisoned by rival Tatars when he turned 9 and his own tribe expelled his family leaving his mother to fend for her seven children as a single mother. He had to hunt and forage to feed himself. As an adolescent Genghis was accused of killing his own half-brother for food. As a teenager, rival clans abducted him and his wife for slavery. He spent some time as a slave then made a daring escape.
6. Had An Eye For Talent
Genghis was impartial and cared more about talent rather than ancestry, class or past loyalties. He showed this in 1201 when, during his battle against rival Taijut tribe, he was almost killed when an enemy soldier short his horse out from beneath him with an arrow. After defeating the army, Genghis demanded to know who shot his horse and nearly killed him from the enemy solders he captured.
One of the prisoners confidently stood up and admitted responsibility. Instead of having him killed, the Mongol leader was mesmerized by the man’s boldness so he nicknamed him “Jebe” for “arrow” and absorbed him in his force. Jebe later became one of Mongols’ greatest field commanders in the conquest of Europe and Asia.
7. Had Respect For Religion
Considering how brutal Genghis Khan was, it is inconceivable that he would tolerate any religious movements. History has it that the man was extremely tolerant to various religions that existed at the time of his reign. He drafted and passed laws that declared religious freedoms for everyone. He even granted places of worship tax exemptions.
He respected the religious diversity of his newly conquered territories. The leader did not do it by chance. He understood the implications of reigning over unhappy subjects. Allowing people to practice their religion made them happy and happy people cannot rebel. The Empire was made of people who practiced shamanistic belief system (great Genghis was a subscriber), Buddhism, Islam, Nestorian, Christianity and animistic worships.
8. Genghis was spiritual
This historical Mongolian Emperor subscribed to shamanistic belief system, which revered the spirits of the winds, the sky and mountains. He would spend endless hours in his tent praying and supplicating for several days or even weeks before vital campaigns. He would also organize meetings, seminars and sessions to discuss matters of faith with religious leaders. Noting that he was getting old, he invited Taoist leader Qiu Chuji to his camp to discuss the possibility of immortality and other issues of philosophy.
9. No Information About His Death And Burial
Perhaps the most contentious facts about Genghis Khan are his death and burial. For such a great leader, it is difficult to understand why information about his death and burial is so scanty. Different historical accounts give different causes and manners of death; however, there is agreement that he died sometime in the year 1227. Some accounts say he died from complications of malaria infection while others record that he died from injuries he sustained after falling from his horse. Yet more historical accounts claim that the enigma was killed while he tried to force himself a princess of a Chinese leader.
The fact is that he died. Before his demise; however, the brutal leader went great lengths to ensure nobody would know where he was buried. Some historians claim that Genghis funeral procession killed everyone whom they met on their way to the graveyard. Later, they rode their horses on the tomb severally to conceal it completely. It is believed the tomb lies somewhere on or around Burkhan Khaldun, a Mongolian mountain but no archaeologist has ever found the remains of The Great Khan.